Calculations of carb to insulin ratios for Type 1 Diabetes

A carbohydrate to insulin ratio is the amount of insulin used to lower the blood sugar from a particular amount of grams of carbohydrates eaten. For example, some people have a 15:1 carbohydrate-to-insulin ratio or they take 1 unit of insulin for every 15 grams of carbohydrates they eat. But other Type 1s need 1 unit of insulin for every 10 or even 8 grams of carbohydrates. Every person responds a little differently to insulin.

The 450/500 rule goes as follows:

If a person is taking **rapid-acting** insulin such as Humalog, Novolog or Apidra they would follow the 500 rule which states:

Divide 500 by the total daily dose of insulin. The result is the grams of carbohydrates that are approximately covered by 1 unit of insulin. For example, add up all the insulin you take for the day and divide by 500. If your total daily dose was 45 units, you would divide 500 by 45 and your ratio would be 11:1.

If a person is taking **short-acting** insulin such as Humulin R or Novolin R (Regular insulins) they would follow the 450 rule which states:

Divide 450 by the total daily dose of insulin. The result is the grams of carbohydrates that are approximately covered by 1 unit of insulin. For example, add up all the insulin you take for the day and divide by 450. If your total daily dose was 45 units, you would divide 450 by 45 and your ratio would be 10:1.

http://www.insulin-pumpers.org/howto/ratio.cgi (calculator)

http://www.bddiabetes.com/US/main.aspx?cat=1&id=303 (chart)

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