Overview of Natural and Artificial Sweetener Options for People with Diabetes

By Marci Sloane|2018-07-10T12:32:28-04:00Updated: November 10th, 2014|Diabetes Management, DIY Diabetes Articles|0 Comments

Sugar with other names that are not artificial sweetener options – HAVE an effect on blood sugar levels

Common Sugar Names
Name Form / Found In
Sucrose Table sugar
Dextrose (glucose, corn sugar) Bread, cookies, soft drinks
Lactose (milk sugar) Milk, yogurt, breakfast pastries, whipped topping mixes
Corn Syrup Beverages, cake, candy, cereal, cookies, syrup, some yogurt
High-fructose corn syrup Soft drinks, prepared foods
Invert sugar Candy, soft drinks
Maltodextrin Thickening agent, sweetener in canned fruit, salad dressing, instant pudding and prepared foods.
Oligofructose Sweetener bulking agent, emulsifier, cookies, energy bars
Polydextrose Bulking agent in salad dressings, baked foods, candy pudding, and prepared foods

Natural Sweeteners with nearly ZERO calories – HAVE NO EFFECT on blood sugar levels. May all be used in cooking and baking.

Natural Sweeteners
Brand Ingredient Considerations
Only Sweet Stevia A dietary supplement
Sweet Fiber Inulin is a naturally occurring soluble fiber that does not raise blood sugar levels A vegetable fiber that encourages “good” bacteria in the intestines
Sweet Simplicity 75% erythritol (sugar alcohol), 25% fructose) Excessive use may cause a laxative effect
Zsweet Erythritol (sugar alcohol) Excessive use may have a laxative effect

Artificial Sweeteners – HAVE NO EFFECT on blood sugar levels

Artificial Sweeteners
Name Found In
Aspartame (Nutrasweet) – “Equal” Sugar-free, no sugar-added foods, frozen desserts, diet soda
Acesulfame Potassium – “Ace K” or “Sunett” Chewing gum, diet soda, sugar-free foods, no sugar-added baked goods and desserts
Saccharin – “Sweet n’ Low” sugar-free, no sugar-added foods
Sucralose – “Splenda” Sugar-free, No sugar-added baked goods, frozen desserts, ice cream, soft drinks
Stevia is currently not known as an artificial sweetener but is a natural sweetener/dietary supplement Natural sweetener
Neotame Diet soda, other diet foods

About the Author: Marci Sloane

Marci SloaneMarci Sloane, MS, RD, LD/N, CDE, is a registered and licensed dietitian/nutritionist and certified diabetes educator. She grew up in NYC where she graduated with a degree in Nutrition and Physiology from Teachers College at Columbia University. For over a decade, Marci managed a Diabetes and Nutrition Education Center at a multi-bed hospital in South Florida and has been counseling people on healthy eating, weight loss, and managing diseases and conditions such as: diabetes, pre-diabetes, healthy eating, heart disease, weight loss, high cholesterol, high triglycerides, hypertension, hypoglycemia and a host of other nutrition-related diseases. Marci is an American Diabetes Association Valor Award recipient and lectures frequently to the public and healthcare professionals. Marci was a featured panelist for the Sun-Sentinel's "Let's Take It Off" weight loss program, was highlighted in the Palm Beach Post: Meet Your Neighbor, "Woman's book on healthy eating uses humor as a key ingredient" and was a participant in their Diabetes Series in 2007. Marci Sloane is a member of the American Diabetes Association’s Health Professional Committee.

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