Sleep Apnea and Diabetes

Everyone wants a good night’s sleep. When you get that, you wake up refreshed and have the alertness to perform your job, do your chores and participate in your favorite recreational activities. Did you know that problems with sleep can affect your HbA1C (hemoglobin A1C) and your morning glucose? Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is significantly undiagnosed among obese individuals with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care. The study, called Sleep AHEAD, found nearly 87% of participants reported symptoms of sleep apnea but were never diagnosed. More than 30% of those patients had 16 to 20 pauses in breathing per hour while sleeping, and 22% had more than 30 episodes per hour. “Doctors who have obese patients with type 2 diabetes need to be aware of the possibility of sleep apnea, even if no symptoms are present, especially in cases where the patient has a high BMI (body mass index) or waist circumference,” said lead author Gary Foster, PhD, from Temple University in a press release from the university. Because of the obesity epidemic, the two problems are closely linked and recently a position paper from the International Diabetes Federation highlighted the following facts and urged doctors to question their diabetes patients so that sleep apnea, or sleep issues, could be diagnosed and treated. According to WHO, over 100 million people...

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