There are four main types of enteral feeding:
Nasoenteric Feeding Tubes (NG & NJ). These tubes are primarily used when this level of nutrition support is expected to be a short-term requirement, or when the physical condition of a patient makes it inadvisable for more intrusive procedures. Insertion is achieved by threading the tube through the nasal cavity and advancing the tube down the back of the throat and esophagus until it reaches the stomach.
Gastrostomy Feeding. Enterostomy tubes are used when enteral feeding is expected to last a long time (8 weeks or longer) and the patient is in a suitable health condition for the insertion of the tube. This can sometimes be referred to as a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, PEG, or a Button gastrostomy. The tube is usually connected to a port that has been inserted into the wall of the stomach.
Jejunostomy Feeding. Enterostomy tubes are used when feeding is expected or has lasted longer than 8 weeks. The nutrition can be administered in various methods in a combination of a port outside the body with the tube inserted in the stomach and a portion of the small intestine.
Gastrostomy with Jejunal Adapter. To avoid a second surgical procedure the tube enters the stomach through the abdominal wall and is held in place by a fixation device inside of the stomach wall.
Omega 3 fatty acids are the good type of fat. Foods rich in omega-3 are fish, such as mackerel, salmon, sardines, herring, and tuna.
Whole grains such as oatmeal, brown rice, and whole-wheat couscous are abundant with protein, iron, fiber, and more.