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suspected diabetes in pets?

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  • suspected diabetes in pets?

    What symptoms would your pet show to make you think to get it tested for diabetes?

  • #2
    I'm also interested, since I worry about this--especially when my doggie drinks tons of water.

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    • #3
      Hope this helps

      Diabetes in pets has similar symptoms as those in humans, such as excessive urination, excessive thirst, excessive appetite or eating, weight loss, and lethargy. As diabetes would progress anorexia or loss of appetiite may develop along with depression and vomiting.

      Dogs are often diagnosed b/c their owner notices the dog has gone blind, this occurs due to the rapid development of cataracts in diabetic dogs, cats are different and are often diagnosed b/c their owner notices cat has weak rear legs causing it them to walk on their hocks, which is called planitgrade posture, this occurs due to daibetic neuropathy

      One out of every 400-500 dogs and cats has diabetes

      Diabetes is more likely in cats >6 years old, 75% between 8-13 yo; Dogs more likely between 7-9 years old. It can occur in very young cats and dogs, but this is much less common

      Unspayed female dogs and neutered male cats are more prone to diabetes

      Mini pinscher, Keeshond, puli, and cairn terrier are all genetically predisposed to diabetes; others at higher risk include mini schnauzer, poodle, beagle breeds and dachshund

      There is no breed predisposition in cats

      Obesity is ahuge issue in cats and dogs and leaves them at greater risk to develop Type @ diabetes, just like in adults, cats >15 lbs. especially are at higher risk

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      • #4
        Thanks for your informative reply, it sure is helpful to have some guidelines to go by to look out for the members of our family who are not quite human, (but think they are, )

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        • #5
          I never knew that animals were prone to reallt get diabetes. I know that sounds kind of stupid to say but It never occured to me that they could.

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          • #6
            I know I never really heard of diabetes can get into pets but I do heard some get cancer and other sickness,

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            • #7
              Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism due to relative or absolute insulin deficiency. Most cases of spontaneous diabetes occur in middle-aged dogs and cats. In dogs, females are affected twice as often as males, and incidence appears to be increased in certain small breeds such as Miniature Poodles, Dachshunds, Schnauzers, Cairn Terriers, and Beagles, but any breed can be affected. In one study, male cats were more commonly affected than females; no breed predilection is seen in cats.

              The onset of diabetes is often insidious, and the clinical course chronic. Common signs in dogs include polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia with weight loss, bilateral cataracts, and weakness. The disturbances in water metabolism develop primarily due to an osmotic diuresis. The renal threshold for glucose is ~180 mg/dL in dogs and ~240 mg/dL in cats.
              Diabetic animals have decreased resistance to bacterial and fungal infections and often develop chronic or recurrent infections such as cystitis, prostatitis, bronchopneumonia, and dermatitis. This increased susceptibility to infection may be related in part to impaired chemotactic, phagocytic, and antimicrobial activity associated with decreased neutrophil function. Radiographic evidence of emphysematous cystitis (rare) is suggestive of diabetes mellitus because of infections with glucose-fermenting organisms such as Proteus sp , Aerobacter aerogenes , and Escherichia coli , which result in gas formation in the wall and lumen of the bladder. Emphysema also may develop in the wall of the gallbladder in diabetic dogs

              diagnosis of diabetes mellitus is based on persistent fasting hyperglycemia and glycosuria. The normal fasting value for blood glucose in dogs and cats is 75-120 mg/dL. In cats, stress-induced hyperglycemia is a frequent problem, and multiple blood and urine samples may be required to confirm the diagnosis. Measurement of serum glycosylated hemoglobin or fructosamine (or both) can assist in differentiating between stress-induced hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitu

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              • #8
                taken from merck manual

                I forgot to give bibliography
                merck manual of veterinary diagnostics

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                • #9
                  I really appreciate your informative reply because i also have dogs and cats at home. For sure i can help them prevented with such disease.

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                  • #10
                    My dog Dolly went blind. We took her to the vet, but it was too late to do anything for her.

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                    • #11
                      When a dog goes blind from diabetes, it is usually due to cataracts which cause the dog' lense to turn white and opaque unable to let the light go through. There is not much to be done to avoid the progression of cataracts but in many cases cataract surgery may be performed.

                      At the vet cliniic I worked at we had an opthamologist perform these all the time, they were quite expensive surgeries though, reaching often thousands of dollars.

                      Blind dogs however, seem to adapt well to their environment after some time.

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